Archive | January, 2015

UK politics and the upcoming election

8 Jan

The United Kingdom is an unitary democracy governed country within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in witch the Monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The legislative power is divided between two chambers of the Parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish parliament and the Welsh and Northern Ireland assemblies.  The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

The UK political system is a multi-party system. This means that there are several parties you can vote for. But since the 1920s, the Conservative Party and the Labour Party has been the two largest political parties. Coalition and minority governments have been an occasional feature of parliamentary politics, the first-past-the-post electoral system used for general elections tends to maintain the dominance of these two parties. But a third party called the Liberal Democrats has in the past century become a working majority in Parliament.
The current Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government is the first coalition since 1945. This means that the Cameron ministry, who is the current government is composed of members of both the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats. The government’s Cabinet is made up of sixteen Conservatives and five Liberal Democrats, with eight other Conservatives and one other Liberal Democrat attending cabinet but they are not members of the government.

The general election

The next general election in the UK is set at 7 May 2015. When Parliament is dissolved, every seat in the House of Commons becomes vacant and a general election is held. Each constituency in the UK elects one MP (Member of Parliament) ta a seat in the House of Commons. The political party that wins a majority of seats in the House of Commons usually forms the Government. There is a total of 650 constituencies in the UK. They all choose one MP who are going to represent their area at least every five years.The election is held every five years on the first Thursday in May.

It is not long now until they are going to have a new election in the UK. This election will elect the 56th Parliament of the United  Kingdom. Voting takes place in all parliamentary constituencies to elect members of Parliament (MPs) to seats in the House of Commons. There are 650 seats, witch means that a party needs 326 seats to have the majority.

David Cameron who represents the Conservative party is the current Prime Minister in the UK. It is expected that either he or Ed Miliband from the Labour party will be the Prime Minister after this election. The two parties have supplied all UK Prime Ministers since the 1930’s.

When Writing about UK politics, there is one controversial party I have to mention. Ukip, UK Independence Party is a right-winged political party in the UK. It was founded in 1993, with the primary objective of securing the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union. They get a lot of attention and has actually been growing over the last couple of years. They recently suggested that all UK schools should have the Flag up every day and that there should be spoken fewer languages at schools to increase the feeling of being British. They want UK to be more independent and they think that the nation is spending to much money on other countries.

Sources:
http://www.parliament.uk/about/how/elections-and-voting/general/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_the_United_Kingdom
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cameron_ministry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_general_election,_2015

5 reasons for Obama to be satisfied

8 Jan

Barack Obama has been getting more popular among the american population recently, it’s still not great, but better. A new pole done late in 2014 showed that 48% of Americans was satisfied with Obamas work as president. This is the best result he has gotten in quite a while now, and is better than what Bush had at the same time when he was president.

Here are 5 reasons to why President Barack Obama can be satisfied

1. The employment rate is going up
The american economy is enjoying the low oil prices and the number of people who are working in America is going up each month. The unemployment is now at 5,8% witch is a great improvement. Also Mitt Romney, who were Obamas opponent during the last election promised to get it under 6%, which Obama now has accomplished.

2. Gas prices are going down
The gas prices are often an important case to the American voters, and they have been getting away with low prices for a long time now. The American organization AAA are constantly paying attention to the price and right before Christmas there was a record amount of days where the price kept falling. The price for a gallon of regular gas is now $2,20.

3. The relationship to Cuba
America has had a complicated and hostile relationship to Cuba for many years. But they have now been speaking to make the hospitality go away. Obama announced that they are going to make an effort to normalize the relationship between the two countries who has been enemies for 55 years now.  The Americans are happy about this and wants the traveling restrictions to go away, they want a diplomatic relationship and the possibility to trade between them.

4. New emigration laws
Late in November Obama presented a new package of emigration laws. He had made this proposition alone  without the congress. The biggest proposition was that he wants to give 4,2 million illegal immigrants papers so that they don’t have to worry about being send back to their country of origin.

5. Ending unpopular wars, getting involved in “popular” war
Obama has during his time as president withdrawed a lot of soldiers from conflicts in Afghanistan and Irak. The war in Irak had minimal support back home in America and Obama has been getting a lot of support from stepping down the warfare here. Obama has started a campaign against the ISIL and this gets a lot of support as well.

I think that the fact that the employment rate is going up is really important to Obama and the rest of the US. When people are working this impacts several other aspects of the society and is always positive for the whole country. You never want to have a lot of unemployed people as this costed the country money and it is also a negative factor to the economy.

Sources:
http://linkis.com/www.e-pages.dk/aften/3pRk8

Boyhood

5 Jan

During our last class before Christmas, we went to the movies to watch a film called “Boyhood”. It is written and directed by Richard Linklater and the movie stands out from other movies. They have chosen to use the same actor and filmed over 12 years.

The movie is about the life of a young man called Mason, and we get to follow his life from the age of five, until he is 18 and begins a new life at college. There are a lot of challenges on the way, including abusive step fathers, the pressure to do drugs, heartbreak and moving to new places as a teenager.

Furthermore, the movie is really entertaining even though it is pretty long. Linklater manages to keep the viewers attention and it does not feel like you are sitting through a almost three hour long film. I enjoyed the movie and would recommend it to others.

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boyhood_%28film%29
http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1065073/