UK politics and the upcoming election

8 Jan

The United Kingdom is an unitary democracy governed country within the framework of a constitutional monarchy, in witch the Monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The legislative power is divided between two chambers of the Parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as in the Scottish parliament and the Welsh and Northern Ireland assemblies.  The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The highest court is the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom.

The UK political system is a multi-party system. This means that there are several parties you can vote for. But since the 1920s, the Conservative Party and the Labour Party has been the two largest political parties. Coalition and minority governments have been an occasional feature of parliamentary politics, the first-past-the-post electoral system used for general elections tends to maintain the dominance of these two parties. But a third party called the Liberal Democrats has in the past century become a working majority in Parliament.
The current Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition government is the first coalition since 1945. This means that the Cameron ministry, who is the current government is composed of members of both the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats. The government’s Cabinet is made up of sixteen Conservatives and five Liberal Democrats, with eight other Conservatives and one other Liberal Democrat attending cabinet but they are not members of the government.

The general election

The next general election in the UK is set at 7 May 2015. When Parliament is dissolved, every seat in the House of Commons becomes vacant and a general election is held. Each constituency in the UK elects one MP (Member of Parliament) ta a seat in the House of Commons. The political party that wins a majority of seats in the House of Commons usually forms the Government. There is a total of 650 constituencies in the UK. They all choose one MP who are going to represent their area at least every five years.The election is held every five years on the first Thursday in May.

It is not long now until they are going to have a new election in the UK. This election will elect the 56th Parliament of the United  Kingdom. Voting takes place in all parliamentary constituencies to elect members of Parliament (MPs) to seats in the House of Commons. There are 650 seats, witch means that a party needs 326 seats to have the majority.

David Cameron who represents the Conservative party is the current Prime Minister in the UK. It is expected that either he or Ed Miliband from the Labour party will be the Prime Minister after this election. The two parties have supplied all UK Prime Ministers since the 1930’s.

When Writing about UK politics, there is one controversial party I have to mention. Ukip, UK Independence Party is a right-winged political party in the UK. It was founded in 1993, with the primary objective of securing the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union. They get a lot of attention and has actually been growing over the last couple of years. They recently suggested that all UK schools should have the Flag up every day and that there should be spoken fewer languages at schools to increase the feeling of being British. They want UK to be more independent and they think that the nation is spending to much money on other countries.

Sources:
http://www.parliament.uk/about/how/elections-and-voting/general/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politics_of_the_United_Kingdom
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cameron_ministry
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom_general_election,_2015

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One Response to “UK politics and the upcoming election”

  1. Ann S. Michaelsen 27/01/2015 at 13:21 #

    Very informative post about the election system in the UK and the different political parties. Some new facts for me about the UKip party as well!

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